Diseases of Different Crops

Major Diseases of Rice
# Disease Scientific Name
1 Rice Blast

Pyricularia Oryzae

2 Rice Brown Spot Helminthosporium oryzae
3 Narrow brown leaf spot of rice Cercospora oryzae
4 Rice sheath blight Rhizoctonia Solani
5 False smut of rice Ustilaginoidea virens
6 Stem rot of rice Sclerotium oryzae
7 Sheath rot of rice Sarocladium oryzae
8 Bacterial leaf blight Xanthomonas oryzae pv
9 Bacterial leaf streak (BLS) Xanthomonas campestris pv oryzicola
10 Tungro Rice Tungro Bacilliform Virus(RTBV) - Rice Tungro Spherical Virus(RTSV)
Major Diseases of Sorghum
# Disease Scientific Name
1 Ergot or Sugary Disease Sphacelia sorghi
2 Anthracnose or red leaf spot Colletotrichum graminicola
3 Rust Puccinia purpurea
4 Leaf blight or Leaf stripe Exserohilum turcicum or Trichometasphaeria turcica
5 Grain smut/kernel smut Sphacelotheca sorghi
6 Sorghum downy mildew or Leaf shredding Peronosclerospora sorghi
Major Diseases of Maize
# Disease Scientific Name
1 Turcicum leaf blight Helminthosporium turcicum
2 Cephalosporium Wilt Cephalosporium acremonium/Cephalosporium maydis
3 Charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina
4 Banded leaf and sheath blight Rhizoctonia solani
Major Diseases of Wheat
# Disease Scientific Name
1 Black or stem rust Puccinia graminis tritici
2 Leaf brown or orange rust Puccinia recondit
3 Yellow or stripe rust Puccinia striformis
4 Loose smut Ustilago nuda tritici
5 Karnal bunt Neovossia Indica
6 Leaf Blight Alternaria triticina
7 Tundu disease or yellow slime disease Anguina tritici + Corynebacterium tritici or Clavibacter tritici



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